Stucco is one of the most commonly used materials for the exterior surfaces of homes around the country, as it is stronger than plaster and easier to work with than cement. However, exterior stucco finishes only lasts for a limited number of years, and it will begin to chip and crack if not cared for properly. Once the stucco is completely damaged, it must be redone, and thus a stucco contractor will have to come in and cover the damaged exterior walls with a new layer of stucco. The re-stucco process ensures that the exterior of homes will remain in excellent condition for as long as possible.
Some of the secondary services included in the re-stucco of a home include wall repairs, anti-moisture wall sealing, and stucco painting.
Re-stucco Tools and Materials Used
The materials used to re-stucco a house are limited to cement, paint, and the stucco itself. The cement is used to make repairs to any damage that may be present in the wall of the house, while the paint is used to provide a colorful coating to the stucco. Exterior stucco finishes are made from a unique mixture of cement, sand, and lime. Some stucco contractors will use a special coat of sealant to prevent the wall from absorbing moisture, while will help to prevent damage to the walls of the house. Many stucco contractors will use chicken wire or mesh to increase the strength and wall adherence of the stucco.
Some of the re-stucco tools of the trade include:
- A pressure washer
- Cement tools
- A trowel
- Paint rollers (with special rollers for stucco)
- Putty knife
To begin the re-stucco process, the old stucco needs to be cleaned. The exterior walls of a house will usually accumulate a good deal of dirt, dust, and grime that needs to be cleaned off, and a pressure washer must be used to clean off the walls. The pressure washer will shoot water at the dirt that will clean it off, and it will expose any cracks or flaking paint.
Once the wall has been cleaned thoroughly, damage that has been done by the climate to the walls must be repaired. Cracks caused by moisture must be filled in with cement, and any flaking paint needs to be scraped off the walls. Once this has been done, the wall is often sealed with a special sealant that prevents moisture from being absorbed into the walls.
After the walls are prepared, a wire mesh is usually attached to the wall to ensure that the exterior stucco finishes adhere properly. Use roofing nails to attach the wire mesh to the wall, and start applying the stucco to the wall. A trowel is usually used to apply a thick coat of stucco to the wall like cement, and the coat of stucco must be applied evenly.
Once the thick base coat of stucco is applied, it must sit for a few hours to dry properly. It is best to avoid doing the re-stucco during the hottest times of the day, as the sun will dry the stucco too quickly. It is usually best to do it immediately after the hottest period of the day and in the early afternoon, as the sun will be much milder then.
Once enough time has passed for the base layer of stucco to dry, a stucco contractor will apply a thinner layer of stucco as a final texture. Often colored cement powder is added to this stucco mixture, as it provides a color to the stucco and eliminates the need for the stucco to be painted. The exterior stucco finishes are simply rolled onto the wall, and a textured roller ensures that the stucco is applied with an elegant texture.
Things You Need to Know About
Many people opt to paint over their stucco due to the fact that the colors used for colored cement powder tend to be duller. Seeing as the colors are made with cement powder, they cannot achieve the bright colors that paint offers. Rather than using cement powder, it is often recommended to simply paint the stucco once it has dried in order to add a brightly colored element to homes. Painting stucco is actually quite simple, and can be done with an air-powered paint gun or paint rollers and brushes (though the latter requires a lot more work than the former).
What Licenses are Required?
A plastering and stucco license is required in order to be considered a certified professional contractor to do the re-stucco job.